The Arctic » Greenland & Newfoundland Cruise locations

Greenland & Newfoundland Cruise locations

Greenland, "Kalaallit Nunaat" ("Land of the People") in the Greenlandic language or Grønland in Danish is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

 

Greenland is the largest island in the world stretching from 60º to 83º north latitude. The extreme north of Greenland is the northernmost point of land on our planet. Greenland is dominated by the second largest ice-sheet in the world with more than 80% of its surface area covered by ice reaching a thickness of over 3000 meters (10,000 feet) in the interior.


Greenland cover and area of 2,166,000 km² but is inhabited by less than 60,000 people.

The coastline of Greenland is spectacular and heavily indented with numerous fjords and spectacular high mountains, 2000 meters (6500 feet) high cliffs and many glaciers. The large glaciers produce the huge, cathedral-like ice-bergs that are abundant in Greenlandic waters.


The largest fjord, Scoresby Sund, is more than 300 kilometres (185 miles) long. Cruises focus on East and North-East Greenland, among the most isolated, sparsely populated and scenically superb parts of the island.


Earliest inhabitance of Greenland dates back to 2500 BC with different cultures arriving over time. The first Norse settlement was in 982 A.D. The Inuit now make up the majority of the Greenlandic population and they first began to arrive around 1300 A.D.


The Inuit, the word means "men" in the Inuit language, are nowadays seen as the indigenous people of the North American Arctic and are traditionally subsistence hunters, living primarily from whales, walruses, Caribou, Musk Oxen, Arctic Foxes, Polar Bears and seals.

 

Greenland

> Île-de-France
> Danmakkshavn
> Sabine Island

> Daneborg
> Kaiser Frans Joseph Fjord
> Godthaap Gulf
> Ittoqqortoormiit (Scoresbysund)

> Scoresbysund
> Danmarksø
> Nansen Fjord
> Tasiilaq
> Cape Farewell
> Nanortalik
> Qaqortog
> Hvalsey

> Brattahlíð

 

Newfoundland

> Iqaluit
> Hopedale
> Battle Harbour
> L'Anse Aux Meadows

> Bonavista
> St Johns

 

Iceland

> Keflavik

> Reykjavik

> Akureyri

 

 

Iceland

Iceland is the least densely populated country in Europe, with a pure, unpolluted and truly magical landscape. Iceland's summers are surprisingly warm, lush and green, with days lengthening until midsummer, when the sun dips down to the horizon but never sets. During winter you can marvel at the amazing, undulating green, blue, yellow and pink lights of the aurora in the night sky, and the winters are not as cold as you might imagine.

 

 

Keflavik - 64°01′ N 22°34′ W

Flights to Iceland usually arrive into Keflavik which is about 45 mins drive from Reykjavik where you embark for some Greenland voyages.

 



Reykjavik - 64°08′ N 21°56′ W

The capital of Iceland and embarkation point for Greenland cruises. It's a really nice city and its worth including a day or two extra to see it. Maybe pay a visit to the Blue Lagoon thermal spa which is a real novelty.

 

 

 

 

Akureyri - 65°41′ N 18°06′ W

This is the disembarking location for some voyages.

 


Greenland

Greenland is ice, sea and unreal beauty. It's difficult to take in the scale of the landscape which sometimes seems almost supernatural.


Greenland is home to colourful Northern Lights, to 24-hour sunlight, to colossal calving glaciers feeding the sea with icebergs and to several species of seals, whales, and birds as well as polar bear, muskox, reindeer, arctic fox and arctic hare.


During a cruise here you will navigate huge fjords towered by massive rocky mountains. See giant glaciers calving and waterfalls pouring into the sea. Visit small settlements and experience Inuit culture and so much more.

 

 

 

 

Île-de-France - 77°46′ N 17°54′ W

Île-de-France is a small island on the east coast of Greenland and depending on ice conditions would be the furthest north achieved on any of the cruises.

 


Danmakkshavn - 76°48' N 18°36' W

Danmarkshavn (Denmark's Harbour) is a small weather station located in the Northeast Greenland National Park. The permanent population of the base is 8.

 

 

Sabine Island - 67°38′ N 86°37′ W

On Sabine Island you may land in the Hansa Bugt, where the Germans had the weather station called " Holzauge" during World War II.

 

 

Daneborg - 74°18′ N 20°14′ W

Daneborg (or Daneborg Station) is a station on the south coast of Wollaston Foreland peninsula of northeast Greenland. Daneborg serves as the headquarters for the SIRIUS Patrol, the dog sled patrollers of the Northeast Greenland National Park, the largest national park in the world.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kaiser Frans Joseph Fjord - 73°11′ N 25°45′ W

Kaiser Franz Joseph Fjord is a magnificent fjord with towering mountains on both sides, its inner reaches choked with huge icebergs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Godthaap Gulf - 73°15' N 23°7' W

At Godthaap Gulf the mighty Wordies Glacier extends into the ocean and the area is also home to herds of caribou.

 

 

 

Ittoqqortoormiit (Scoresbysund) - 70°29′ N 21°58′ W

Ittoqqortoormiit is a Greenlandic name meaning "Big House Dwellers" in the Eastern Greenlandic dialect. The Danish name Scoresbysund derives from the name of explorer and whaler William Scoresby, who was the first to map the area in 1822.


This region is known for its wildlife which includes polar bears, muskoxen, and seals.


During your cruise you can make a visit to the town of Ittoqqortoormiit where you can see how these poeple live their day to day lives.

The town itself was settled by people from Ammassalik in 1925.

Local hunters have for generations made a living from whale and polar bear hunting, and it remains, up to the present, a significant cultural-economical factor in the area.


Flesh and by-products play a direct part in the economy of the hunting families. Income is gained by trading these products, but these options are seasonal and variable. Tourism is also becoming an important part of income.

 

 

Scoresbysund - 70°30' N 25°0' W

Scoresbysund Fjord is considered to be the largest fjord in the world. During your cruise you may spend a day cruising through the stunning scenery. The fjord features imposing granite walls, mountain peaks, glaciers and icebergs beautifully carved by the glaciers.


It's an unforgettable experience offering unparalleled photo opportunities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Danmarksø - 70°30' N 26°15' W

On Danmarksø you will see remains of an Inuit settlement abandoned around 200 years ago. The circular ‘tent rings' of stones indicate the summer houses, while the winter houses can be seen closer to a small cape. The sites are excellently preserved, allowing entrances and even bear-proof meat caches to be identified.

 

 

Nansen Fjord - 68°17′ N 30°45′ W

Nansen Fjord like Scoresbysund is filled with icebergs and surrounded by high mountains like Gunnbjørn Fjeld which is the highest mountain in Greenland.

 

Tasiilaq - 65°36′ N 37°38′ W

Tasiilaq - formerly Angmagssalik is like most other towns in Greenland, characterised by small, wooden, colourful houses. It is the largest town in East Greenland with around 1700 inhabitants.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cape Farewell - 59°46' N 43°54' W

Cape Farewell is a headland on the southern shore of Egger Island, Greenland.

 

Nanortalik - 60°8′ N 45°14′ W

Nanortalik is Greenland's most southerly town and lies in a scenic area consisting of some of Greenland's picturesque fjords, small woodlands and steep mountainsides. The town's name means the "place of polar bears", which refers to the polar bears that occasionally pass by the town in the summer in conjunction with the field ice from the Arctic Ocean.

 

 

Qaqortoq - 60°43′ N 46°2′ W

With its almost 3,000 inhabitants, Qaqortoq is South Greenland's largest town and perhaps one of the most charming and attractive towns in the whole of Greenland. The town has a pleasant centre with a small square containing Greenland's oldest fountain. There are also strikingly beautiful colonial buildings dating back to 1775 when the town was founded. The primary industries in the town are fishing, service and administration, and as the centre of education for South Greenland, Qaqortoq's streets are characterised by the many students living here.

 

 

Hvalsey - 60°49′ N 45°46′ W

Hvalsey Church (Danish: Hvalsø Kirke) is the ruins of an old Norse church, which is situated in the fjord of Hvalsey.

It is Greenland's biggest and best-preserved ruins from the Viking period. The church was built of stone in the 14th century and measures 16 x 7 metres (52.5 x 22.75 feet). It is situated next to the ruins of a farm complex which is also from the Viking period, and thus provides a good insight into how the Norse settlers lived.

 

 

 

 

 

Brattahlíð - 61°9′ N 45°30′ W

Brattahlíð (anglicised as Brattahlid) was Erik the Red's estate in the Eastern Settlement Viking colony he established in south-western Greenland toward the end of the 10th century.


Probably the first church in the New World stood at Brattahlíð: Þjóðhildarkirkja (Thjodhild's church, actually a small chapel). A recent reconstruction of this chapel now stands at a distance from the actual site, along with a replica of a Norse longhouse.

 

 

Newfoundland

 

Iqaluit - 63°44′ N 68°31′ W

Iqaluit, formerly known as Frobisher Bay, is the capital and administrative centre of Canada's newest territory, Nunavut. Recorded history of Iqaluit dates back to 1576, when Martin Frobisher arrived at this port city, although modern-day Nunavut has sustained a population for at least 4000 years.


Situated in the hills overlooking the Koojesse Inlet, Iqaluit is located east of Nunavut's mainland and north of Quebec on Baffin Island.

This community is known for its Inuit-inspired architecture, most notably the igloo-shaped St. Jude's Anglican Church, and museums, including the Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum, which showcases an impressive collection of Inuit and Arctic items.

 

 

Hopedale - 55°29′ N 60°12′ W

Hopedale is a town located in the North of Labrador, the mainland portion of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Hopedale is the legislative capital of the Inuit Land Claims Area Nunatsiavut, and where the Nunatsiavut Assembly meets.


It is a largely Inuit community, transformed by the arrival of the Moravian Missionaries in 1782 and today remains a small but thriving community. Remnants of the Hopedale Mission include a church, mission house, storehouses, workshops and other smaller buildings.

 

 

Battle Harbour - 52°16′ N 55°34′ W

Situated on a small, near-shore island, Battle Harbour was for two centuries the economic and social centre of the south eastern Labrador coast.


Battle Harbour was originally settled by Europeans in 1770 and was famous as a key base for the Labrador Schooner Fishery. Today it is an excellent restoration of an "outport".

 

 

L'Anse Aux Meadows - 51°35′ N 55°31′ W

L'Anse aux Meadows from the French L'Anse-aux-Méduses or "Jellyfish Cove" was discovered in 1960 and is the only authenticated Viking settlement in North America and a UNESCO site.


The site remains the only widely-accepted instance of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact, and is notable for possible connections with the attempted colony of Vinland established by Leif Ericson around 1003, or more broadly with Norse exploration of the Americas.

 

 

Bonavista - 48°39′ N 53°7′ W

Bonavista is where modern North America began. On June 24th, 1497, and Italian explorer sailing under the British flag for King Henry VII, made landfall in the New World.


During the afternoon in Bonavista visit the replica of John Cabot's ship, Matthew, a restored lighthouse and Ryan Premises that commemorates the role of East Coast fishery in Canadian history.

 

 

St Johns - 47°34′ 52°42′ W

Disembarkation location for some Greenland/Newfoundland voyages. St John's is the capital of Newfoundland and one of North America's oldest cities. There is plenty to do here and its well worth adding some additional days at the end of your voyage.



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